The concept of healthy public policy has had distant rootsperhaps one of the earliest acknowledgments was by an aristocrat in prerevolutionary france, speaking of the poor people of paris, it is in our interest to feed them, but it would be dangerous to fatten them, later recognised in the english poor laws and in the first public health charter. Experimental studies studies in which the investigator controls the therapy that is received by each participant, generally using that control to randomly allocate. Each entry includes information on where the term is used, as well as any applicable alternate names, abstractor notes, histology, and primary sites. A set of standard criteria, usually based on symptoms, timing, and laboratory results, used for deciding whether a person should be counted as having a particular disease or healthrelated condition. This glossary has been republished on the medical and public health site to assure that it will remain available at a static link. Life course epidemiology borrows many of its concepts and ideas from other scientific disciplines. This is a list of automotive technical terms in english and spanish.
Epidemiology lossary public health training, research. Epidemiology lossary northwest center for public health. Epidemiology study of the distribution and determinants of diseases in populations. The glossary of equity, diversity, and inclusion edi terms was developed by the epidemiology departments edi committee. Pdf this is the second of a two part glossary of terms used in reproductive and perinatal epidemiology. For example, the definitionand image for adherence refers to the use of antiretroviral hiv medications. The purpose of this glossary is to provide brief definitions, sometimes with comments, of frequently used special terms one may come across in dealing with psychiatric epidemiology. Glossary for econometrics and epidemiology journal of. Public health accreditation board acronyms and glossary of. The spanish translations are provided to help technicians properly interpret the english technical terms. Absolute risk reduction risk difference between the control group and the intervention group. Public health accreditation board acronyms and glossary of terms.
Analytic epidemiology uses comparison groups to provide baseline data so that. A process that attempts to determine as systematically and objectively as possible the relevance, effectiveness, and impact of activities in. Biological agents such as viruses and bacteria are often necessary causes for infectious diseases. A comparison of two groups in terms of incidence rates, persontime rates, or mortality rates.
The aspect of epidemiology concerned with why and how a health problem occurs. Enter a search term to find glossary words containing that term. Epidemiology lossary northwest center for public health practice case definition. Glossary beehive means a structure for the keeping of honey bee colonies that is being used for that purpose, including frameless hives, fixed frame hives and all designs of moveable frame hives including nucleus hives, but not including packages or cages used to confine bees for the purposes of transport or isolation. Aug 22, 20 definitions of important terms in epidemiology 1. It is the tendency of test measurement to center around the true value. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of healthrelated states or events in specified populations and the application of study results to control health problems. The aspect of epidemiology concerned with organizing and summarizing healthrelated data according to time, place, and person. This may not be the complete list of references from this article. The international glossary on infertility and fertility. This glossary defines key terms used in econometrics and epidemiology to assist in bridging this gap. Disease, preclinical disease with no signs or symptoms because these have not yet developed porta et al. Data are typically summarized using a standard abstraction form pdf 452 kb. A formal affil at on between a health profess ons school.
Pdf on oct 1, 1994, j a tapia granados and others published gloepi. Glossary of terms for infectious disease modelling. The full text of this article is available as a pdf 1k. Accuracy is the extent to which a measurement reflects the true value. In 2009, the brfss began conducting surveys by cellular phone in addition to traditional landline telephones. Below is a list of terms, and their definitions, frequently used in the discussion of healthcare associated infection. Vaccines products producing active immunity, thereby protecting the body from the disease have become a major global preventive tool and vaccinology a rapidly expanding branch of science.
It is intended as introductory material for novices. In epidemiology, we engage in scientific inquiry, using the scientific method to describe disease patterns, to determine disease causation, and to devise effective disease control methods. Some of these ideas are defined in this glossary for use by epidemiologists. Pocket glossary t of computer terms n from a to z nea. Selected references these references are in pubmed. The glossary features definitions for terms used by cancer registrars. Download pdf publication summary this document aims to provide a glossary of terms with their definitions that can be used to conceptualize and parameterize models consistent with those applied in public health, epidemiology, and clinical settings related to infectious diseases. Rct design the terms controlled event rate cer and experimental event rate eer refer to the risks in the two comparison groups. Acronyms, glossary, and reference terms glossary glossary and reference terms a abatement of nuisances. Oregon health authority page 2 public health terminology the brfss is a random telephone survey of state residents aged 18 and older in households with telephones. A form of corporation, allowed by the irs for most companies with 35 or fewer shareholders, which enables the company to enjoy the benefits of incorporation but be taxed as if it were a partnership.
Centre for animal disease research and diagnosis indian veterinary research institute, izatnagar243122, bareilly, up, india. Adverse reaction a response to a drug which is noxious and unintended, and. Adverse drug event adverse experience any untoward medical occurrence that may appear during treatment with a pharmaceutical product but which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. Glossary of practical epidemiology concepts 2009 adapted from the mcmaster ebcp workshop 2003, mcmaster university, hamilton, ont. Brfss was initially developed in the early 1980s by the.
Glossary of epidemiologic terms epidemiology r the study of the distribution and determinants of disease and injuries in human populations surveillance r the systematic, ongoing collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health r related data for use in public health action to reduce mortality and morbidity, and to improve health. The performance of business valuation services requires a high. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of the health related states or events in specified populations and the application of this study to control of health problems. Recognising that we, as humans, are simultaneously social beings and biological organisms, the notion of embodiment advances three critical claims. One common disease control method is the development or modification of health policy.
We have prepared a basic glossary to give readers of the journal of epidemiology and community health an understanding of the main terms currently used in vaccinology. For another part, this book is a dictionary of related, metaepidemiological. Englishspanish glossary of epidemiology and health statistics terms find, read and cite all the research you need on. Glossary of public health terms accreditationthe development of a set of standards, a process to measure health department performance against those standards, and some form of reward or recognition for those agencies meeting the standards. It met a useful purpose in clarifying the meaning and relationship between the many terms which were not in common usage at that time.
Academic paper academic papers are, for the most part, designed with two distinct purposes in. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Autism spectrum disorder asd is a biologically based neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Last for the international epidemiological association and published by. The study of the distribution and determinants of healthrelated states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems. This glossary sketches some key concepts, definitions, and hypotheses relevant for using the construct of embodiment in epidemiological research, so as to promote not only rigorous science but also social equity in health. A benefit your employer, union or other group sponsor provides to you to pay for your health care services. Etiologic research has undergone enormous growth in the most recent halfcentury. Epidemiologythe study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations.
As life course epidemiology is a dynamic new field, terms are often used loosely or inconsistently. Glossary of terms adverse drug event adverse experience any untoward medical occurrence that may appear during treatment with a pharmaceutical product but which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. This construct and process are central to ecosocial theory and epidemiological inquiry. Glossary for econometrics and epidemiology article pdf available in journal of epidemiology and community health 6210. A full glossary of immunology and immunological terms and terminology. The intention behind the development of this glossary is to encourage a common understanding and use of edi terminology in our classrooms and across our department. Ase glossary of automotive terminology englishspanish. International glossary of business valuation terms to enhance and sustain the quality of business valuations for the benefit of the profession and its clientele, the below identified societies and organizations have adopted the definitions for the terms included in this glossary. Glossary of methodological terms in the explanation, the terms included in this glossary are in italics. May 10, 2020 performs a general search of all aidsinfo glossary terms.
This article has been cited by other articles in pmc. Costbenefit analysis a type of economic evaluation that measures both costs and benefits i. Bhoj r singh, principal scientist vm ic epidemiology. Pdf terms in reproductive and perinatal epidemiology.
This glossary of biology terms is a list of definitions of fundamental terms and concepts used in biology, the study of life and of living organisms. A decision by your health insurer or plan that a health care service, treatment plan, prescription drug or durable medical equipment is medically. Costeffectiveness analysis an analysis used to compare the cost of alternative interventions that produce a common health effect e. In epidemiology, a countable instance in the population or study group of a particular disease, health disorder, or condition under investigation. Glossary of writing terms a abstract in apa, abstracts are found directly following the title page and are typically a 150200 word summary of the following article or paper. Epidemiologists and econometricians are often interested in similar topicssocioeconomic position and health outcomesbut the different languages that epidemiologists and economists use to interpret and discuss their results can create a barrier to mutual communication. Epidemiology is a scientific method of problemsolving. The terms single blind, double blind and triple blind are in common use, but are not used consistently and so are ambiguous unless the specific people who are blinded are listed. A basic glossary of vaccinology journal of epidemiology. The glossary is also available on the aidsinfo website and as a free app. Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to observed data for the purposes of empirical research, forecasting or testing of economic theory. A glossary for social epidemiology pubmed central pmc. Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable entity, that brings about change in a health condition, or in other defined characteristics. This is the last of a series of glossaries on terms used in genetic epidemiology published by the journal.
For example, as air moves up slope it expands with the reduction of atmospheric pressure and cools as it expands. The principles are similar to those of primary data collection, except that information is collected from studies rather than people. The science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, distribution, and control of health. This glossary of virology is a list of definitions of terms and concepts used in the study of virology, particularly in the description of viruses and their actions. This glossary covers the most advanced genetic terms, most of which are related to new. Glossary of participatory epidemiology terms penaph participatory epidemiology network for animal and public health isbn 9291463159 the international livestock research institute ilri works to improve food security and reduce poverty in developing countries through research for better and more sustainable use of livestock. Epidemiology is concerned with the frequencies and types of illnesses and injuries in groups of people and with the factors that influence their distribution. Epidemiology glossary data and statistics reproductive. Glossary of epidemiology terms columbia university. Collecting, analyzing, and using data to educate and mobilize communities, develop priorities. Glossary of medical terms pathology and laboratory medicine.1488 513 1172 1282 1074 803 1443 116 1006 1494 444 1509 936 990 621 1626 117 37 809 110 665 933 900 1108 1582 294 1341 277 749 900 609 715 433 72 382 314 129 1000 948