Forest cover loss is defined as a standreplacement disturbance, or a change from a forest to nonforest state, during the period 20002018. Widespread problems remain, particularly in the state of sarawak. Deforestation in sarawak log tale finance and economics. By the end of that decade, sarawak was at the center of an intense international debate about the role of logging in runaway tropical deforestation, and its destructive impacts on both biodiversity and the rights and livelihoods of forestdependent indigenous peoples. A recent study by the food and agriculture organization fao reported that during the decade from 1980 to 1990, the worlds tropical forests were reduced by an average of 15. In the 1980s and 1990s the forests of borneo were leveled at a rate unprecedented in human history, burned. Nov 19, 2015 that changed with the advent of largescale industrial logging in the 1980s. The sarawak rainforest is fully infested with logging trails due to ongoing logging activity, while the rainforest at the kalimantan side remains intact. Sarawak, one of two malaysian states on the island of borneo, has long suffered from excessive deforestation, and its once abundant forests have been significantly depleted. It consists of a complex of social, political, economic. Malaysia, the worlds secondlargest palm oil producer, is destroying large areas of carbonrich peat swamp forests to expand plantations, according to a report released late yesterday. Sarawak is one of the hotspots of global deforestation. Billions of revenue in sight, billions of resources at stake.
Have indomalaysian forests reached the end of the road. As well as unsustainable logging practices, malaysias forests are under threat from rapid deforestation, illegal removal of forest products and encroachment. As timber stocks have become depleted, the loggers have moved into. Deforestation in sarawak and climate change climate citizen. Facing legacy of deforestation and corruption, sarawak may. Malaysian logging firms party to png deforestation. The largest among the states, with an area almost equal to that of peninsular malaysia, sarawak is located in northwest borneo island, and is bordered by the malaysian state of sabah to the northeast, kalimantan the indonesian portion of borneo to the south, and brunei in the north. Less than 46,636 ha were lost in brunei darussalam during this 42 year period. Palm oil is malaysias largest agriculture commodity and has recently become malaysias second largest income from exports. Introduction the state of sarawak is situated on borneo island in east malaysia.
Gordon brown called the deforestation of sarawak one of historys worst environmental crimes. Using 30 m resolution optical imagery acquired since 1990, forest cover and logging roads were mapped throughout malaysian borneo and brunei. Sarawak is one of two malaysian states on the island of borneo. Sarawak is the largest state in malaysia that covers 37.
If indonesian government officials are able to create these laws, this could make an immense difference in the rate of deforestation in sumatra and borneo, but only if they are enforced. Illegalities in forest clearance for largescale commercial plantations status and history of industrial plantations in malaysia overview malaysia is a federation of states and three federal territories divided between the malay peninsula on the southernmost tip of mainland asia and part of the island of borneo. Deforestation drivers and human rights in malaysia closing the gap. May 12, 2015 wwfmalaysia works closely with sarawak and sabah governments to address the deforestation rate in both states through various conservation initiatives. Consequently, deforestation and forest degradation have become an important issue concerning climate change mitigation, highlighted in the intergovernmental panel on climate.
Pdf tropical deforestation and the associated economic, ecological, and equity issues have become a matter of general interest and concern. Plantation owners receive tax incentives, so increasing amounts of land have. These initiatives include enhancing protected areas, conservation spatial planning, responsible forestry and forest certification which could reduce deforestation rate and create a balance. Deforestation statistics for malaysia, including tree cover loss, primary forest cover, and biodiversity data. Pdf monitoring deforestation in sarawak, malaysia using. The clearcutting of forests is thought to have played a role in malaysias worst flooding in decades. The degradation of rainforests in sarawak, east malaysia. Deforestation and forest degradation are the second leading causes of anthropogenic greenhouse emissions following fossil fuel combustion, accounting for over 17% of global carbon dioxide emissions ipcc 2007. Reducing deforestation in malaysias bornean states of. Malaysian companies from sarawak are allegedly trespassing while carrying out logging activities in papua new guinea png and contributing towards deforestation in the island nation, sarawak report sr wrote today. We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Jan 09, 2015 sarawak is one of the hotspots of global deforestation. Monitoring of deforestation and fragmentation in sarawak, malaysia between 1990 and 2009 using landsat and spot images article pdf available august 2012 with 688 reads how we measure reads.
Malaysia is the largest exporter of palm oil in the world. Malaysia has the distinction of having the highest rate of forest loss of the main countries that are reducing their forest cover. There were increases of oil palm and rubber areas but degraded forest, the. Illegal logging in sarawak, malaysia forest trends. Wonder what is happening during logging and what effects does it have on environment.
Media release by the bruno manser fund 25 november 2014 for immediate release urgent action needed to save sarawaks last intact forests international body names malaysian state ground zero of deforestation kuching, malaysia last week, adenan satem, the new chief minister of the malaysian state of sarawak in. Results from timeseries analysis of landsat images characterizing forest extent and change. Climate change deforestation and forest degradation account for up to 20 per cent of global manmade co2 emissions. The online investigative portal accused sibubased rimbunan hijau group rhg and wtk group as well as amanab 56 timber.
Logging path is very important aspect of logging as they will be the life line of logging, responsible for transportation of loggers, equipment. This article looks at the rates of current deforestation in malaysia and to what extent this is having an environmental effect on the region. Comparison of absolute forest area and deforestation rate trends for peat swamp forest top and all forest in sarawak including peat swamp forest bottom during 20052010. Jul 22, 2012 watch from a helicopter the damaging deforestation effects in sarawak. Deforestation alters climate, vegetation and animal ecology. There are high levels of deforestation throughout the country. Malaysian palm oil destroying forests, report warns trees. Malaysia a worker harvests palm fruit on a plantation in sarawak, one of two malaysian states on the.
Pdf monitoring of deforestation and fragmentation in sarawak. Malaysias indigenous hit hard by deforestation asia. Deforestation is the act of forest clearing for agricultural, logging or urban development. Bako is sarawaks oldest national park, established in 1957 and located 37 km away from kuching. Pdf sarawak is the largest state in malaysia that covers 37. This is supplemented with relevant case study examples. Effects of tropical deforestation in sarawak youtube. Deforestation and hunting killed nearly 150,000 bornean orangutans from 1999 to 2015. Multitemporal satellite images of landsat and spot were used to examine deforestation and forest fragmentation in sarawak between 1990 and 2009. Amazon rainforest past 15 years while present figures are much better than before, deforestation continues to threaten the worlds ecosystem the razing of forests continues to be a major contributor to the emissions that drive climate change 17. Deforestation, forest degradation and readiness of local. The results showed significant loss of intact forest at 0. Wwfmalaysia works closely with sarawak and sabah governments to address the deforestation rate in both states through various conservation initiatives. Deforestation in malaysia by christopher teh boon sung.
Monitoring deforestation in sarawak, malaysia using landsat data. Ownership of these areas by local forest communities and indigenous peoples is largely unrecognised. Now less than 5 percent of sarawaks forests remain in an intact state. Long itam, middle baram, sarawak 58 subregional case study 2. Trees are defined as vegetation taller than 5m in height and are expressed as a percentage per output grid cell as 2000 percent tree cover. Major reasons for deforestation in malaysia home guides. The human consequences of logging cultural survival. What are the environmental impacts of deforestation in malaysia. The physical and mental health consequences of logging on the native peoples of eastern malaysia have, to date, not been fully realized in the west. Known as bumi kenyalang, land of the hornbills, sarawak is situated on the northwest of the island. Wwf projections indicate that if the island of borneo continues at its current rate of deforestation, it will be severely affected by climate change through the increased risk of floods and forest fires, human health impacts, changes in agricultural yields and damage to. Overview of national situation 19 historical deforestation 19 present deforestation 25 part 2. Monitoring of deforestation and fragmentation in sarawak.
Dec 07, 2018 widespread problems remain, particularly in the state of sarawak. According to wwf, the island is estimated have at least 222 species of mammals 44 of which are endemic, 420 resident birds 37 endemic, 100 amphibians, 394 fish 19 endemic, and 15,000 plants 6,000 endemic more than 400 of which have been discovered since 1994. The paper focuses on rainforest degradation in sarawak during the rapid economic development of the state since the late 1970s. The drivers of tropical deforestation can be summed up as complex socioeconomic processes that are impossible to isolate a single cause. Sarvision 2011 a report by wetlands international in february reported on the borneo orangutan survival website reports two thirds of sarawaks peatlands were until recently covered by thick, biodiversityrich. Deforestation is responsible for 15% of the worlds carbon footprint, but indonesia can make a difference if they prohibit the burning of forests to clear land. Facing legacy of deforestation and corruption, sarawak may cease granting new logging concessions by on 18 january 2015 logging road in neighboring sabah. Deforestation is a reality which has been around ever since the invention of tools. This deforestation threatens a number of endangered species, such as the orangutan, which lives only on the islands of borneo and sumatra. However logging doesnt just means cutting down trees.
Pdf deforestation, forest degradation and readiness of. Map of sarawak comparison of maps of forest area in sarawak from 1960 and 2010, shows a clear and major reduction in forest area. Malaysia destroying its forests three times faster than. Logging trails and the art of deforestation in sarawak. Its most prominent features are its deserted coves and rugged rocky cliffs that are artistically shaped from erosion and the. Forest cover in sabah, sarawak and peninsular malaysia, 2009. Bako is known for its amazing variety of natural surroundings, plants and wildlife. Deforestation in borneo has taken place on an industrial scale since the 1960s. Japan is the largest buyer of timber products from sarawak, accounting for around one third of its exports of all timber. It is no surprise then that under the new 10th malaysian plan revealed today, malaysia aims to increase the annual export earnings from palm oil by rm21.
Japans timber imports fuelling rainforest destruction in. Evidence from government statistics, satellite and cartographic data, together with the responses of interviewees in rural areas, indicate that forest degradation is due not only to the activities of commercial timber companies, but also to those of rural communities. Azril annuar malay mail 8th january 2020 malaysian companies from sarawak are allegedly trespassing while carrying out logging activities in papua new guinea png and contributing towards deforestation in the island nation, sarawak report sr wrote today. Borneo in sabah to southern borneo through sarawak and brunei. Its most prominent features are its deserted coves and rugged rocky cliffs that are artistically shaped from erosion and the elements over time. Feasibility study on options to step up eu action against. Borneos forests are some of the most biodiverse on the planet. Feb 02, 2011 malaysia, the worlds secondlargest palm oil producer, is destroying large areas of carbonrich peat swamp forests to expand plantations, according to a report released late yesterday. Jul 05, 2011 graphs of deforestation in sarawak from report for wetlands international by sarvision, 2011, impact of oil palm plantations on peatland conversion in sarawak 20052010. The malaysian states of sabah and sarawak are global hotspots of forest loss and degradation due to timber and oil palm industries.
Malaysian palm oil destroying forests, report warns. However, the deforestation taking place in sumatra and borneo is unique in the fact that it is happening not to use the resources provided by the trees, but instead to use the land that is taken up by the trees. Multitemporal satellite images of landsat and spot. Borneo, the third largest island in the world, divided between indonesia, malaysia and brunei, was once covered by dense tropical and subtropical rainforests. Instead, local, malaysian, and international efforts to adequately protect the native forests of the malaysian states of sarawak and sabah have primarily focused on the ecological and cultural damages incurred through logging. Sarawak has lost more than 90% of its primary forests to logging and has the fastest rate of deforestation in asia. The administrative capital is kuching, which has a population of 579,900. Deforestation and forest degradation drivers 10 general recommendations 15 part 1.
The causes attributed to deforestation are multivariate in nature, interrelated and differ at local, national as well as regional scale. Watch from a helicopter the damaging deforestation effects in sarawak. Borneo, the third largest island in the world, divided between indonesia, malaysia and brunei, was once covered by dense tropical and subtropical rainforests in the 1980s and 1990s the forests of borneo were leveled at a rate unprecedented in human history, burned, logged and cleared, and commonly replaced with. That changed with the advent of largescale industrial logging in the 1980s. The degradation of rainforests in sarawak, east malaysia, and.1120 1487 931 245 244 1456 620 549 142 546 1452 1092 610 603 1029 701 1540 47 1031 39 1300 1437 1242 1479 89 133 1427 547 125 411 998 1231 729 277 1432